Components of A Community

1. The CORE
Represents the people that make up the community included in the community CORE are the demographic of the population as well as the values, beliefs and history of the people.

2. Eights (8) subsystems of the community
a.Housing – what type of housing facilities are there in the community, are there enough housing facilities available; are there housing laws/regulations governing the people? What are these?

b. Education – these include laws, regulations, facilities, activities affecting education, ratio of health educators to learners, distribution of educational facilities, who utilizes these, what informal educational facilities and activities exist in the community.

c. Fire and Safety – fire protection facilities and fire prevention activities, distribution of these.

d.Politics and government – political structures present in the community, decision-making process/pattern leadership style observed, etc.

e. Health – health facilities and activities: distribution, utilization, ratio of providers to clientele served; priorities in health, programs developed, etc…

f. Communication – systems, types of communication existing, forms of communication, be it formal or informal; etc..

g. Economics – occupation, types of economic activities, income, etc…

h. Recreation – recreational activities/facilities: types, consumers, appropriateness to consumers, etc…

1. People are partners in health care
2. People work together to attain goals.
3. Physical environment promotes health, safety, order and cleanliness.
4. Safe water and nutritious food.
5. Families provide members with basic needs.
6. Available, affordable health care.


1. … prompts its members to have a high degree of awareness that “we are community”
2. … uses its natural resources while taking steps to conserve them for future generations.
3. … openly recognizes the existence of sub-groups and welcomes their participation in community affairs.
4. … is prepared to meet crises.
5. … is a problem-solving community; it identifies, analyzes & organizes organizes to meet its own needs.
6. … has open channels of communication that allows information to flow among all subgroups of its citizens in all directions
7. … seeks to make each of its system’s resources available to all members of the community.
8. … has legitimate and effective ways to settle disputes and meet needs that arise within the community.
9. … encourages maximum citizen participation in decision-making.
10. … promotes a high level wellness among all its members.

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