Metabolic Alkalosis is an acid-base imbalance characterized by excessive loss of acid or excessive gain of bicarbonate.
- gastric suctioning
- excessive intake of alkali (antacids, baking soda)
Signs and Symptoms/ Clinical Manifestations:
- tingling of fingers
- dizziness, confusion
- slow, shallow respirations, possibly apnea
Labs indicated: arterial blood gas (ABG) studies reveal abnormal values: pH above 7.45 and HCO3 above 26 mEq/L; urine chloride concentrations help to differentiate between vomiting or diuretic ingestion or one of the causes of mineralocorticoid excess.